EUCALYPTUS ( Eucalyptus globulus ) - refreshing, energizing and powerful Eucalyptus is a lasting aroma with fluid consistence and one of the most well-known smells of all the essential oils, along with lilac, rose and peppermint. Almost every person can well acknowledge any of these fragrances. Eucalyptus Essential Oil is extracted from eucalyptus leaves which have powerful medicinal properties. Eucalyptus essential oil benefits come from a chemical now known as cineole — an organic compound shown to hold astounding, widespread medicinal effects, including everything from reducing inflammation and pain to killing leukemia cells. Can be used for colds & flu, hair nourishment, hand cleaner, sinus & allergies, home cleaning, odor remover, air cleaner, spot remover, respiratory problems, and wound treatments.
Uses: This oil is used to strengthen the immune system, medicine congestion relief. This oil is vitally used in many insect repellents.
Countries where it's found & Extraction: Eucalyptus oil is distilled from the leaf of Eucalyptus. About seventy five percent of this world trade is done through china but it's not real Eucalyptus oil it is actually a derivation of camphor oil. South Africa, Spain, Portugal, Chile and Swaziland etc. are other countries which produce real Eucalyptus oil.
If we see according to the climatic condition in that case Australia provides all most all the conditions to grow Eucalyptus, still it is cultivated in so many parts of the world.
History of the Plant
It is evident from the history that it was popular oil worldwide. Ancient generations used it in pharmaceutical, flavoring components, repellents and antiseptics.
The first traces of export of this oil were found in 1852 from Australia, it is said that it was exported to many countries. Till 50 years it reigned in the market but after that Australia's share was decreased suddenly but now again the export prospectus are becoming bright and Australia is trying to regain the crown position, by improvement in technology. It is assumed that it was introduced either in 1894 or 1895 in Ethiopia by Menelik II`s or English captain O brain.
Eucalyptus leaf is distilled to get the essential oil from the leaf, for these three methodologies are used:
Some Eucalyptus trees are grown for their timber purpose, so when they are felled their leaves depart from them which are recovered to extract oil from the leaves.
Some trees which are only made to grow for extracting oil from the leaves for them coppicing system is used, these plants then are grown for not more than twenty months and later are cut.
According to the last method, which is used merely in Australia, which is called harvesting of natural stand, forage harvester is used to extract oil from blue and green species as they coppice easily even after cutting repeatedly, claiming that there is no loss of vigor by the passage of time.